Last Updated on December 13, 2020 by woodcutter
Wood carving іѕ а skill where various objects, with differing decorations and patterns, are shaped out of blocks of wood. Ranging from whittling to carving large and beautiful wood ornaments, wood carving is a skill that calls for applying the proper tools. The success of any wood-working project highly depends on the choice of tools selected by the woodcarver alongside skill and expertise. The right carving tool will do any project to be right in all senses.
We are going to discuss here, an assortment of the types of wood carving tools. Naturally, each carving style calls for a different kind of carving tool, and we will look into that. As a fresh starter in the wood carving business, it is recommended to have some or even all of these wood carving tools to provide you with a variety of uses and a stepping stone into the wood carving business.
So, what are the best wood carving tools for beginners?
If you are a self-starter woodcarver or even an expert in this field, you need to have a basic wood carving tool. This basic set usually comprises 12 to 24 packs of different devices discussed in detail in this article. As you go up the wood-working expertise and skill ladder, it will eventually be evident that you will need advanced wood carving tools.
Now, the underlying wood carving tool for any self-starter is usually defined by the shape of its cutting edge, its breadth, and its profile. The assortment of essential tools comprises of cutting knives, gouges, mallets, chisels, and coping saws. The article below discusses essential wood carving tools required by any self-starter for all wood carving jobs of your choice.
The Carving Knives
A carving knife is one of the essential wood carving tools, which covers various wood carving projects for different wood carving styles. These knives come in different sizes, with different shapes. Their work is to cut, pair, and whittle wood cuttings. What defines its purpose is its shape; what sets its details is its size.
As these knives focus on finer details, their blades have to be sharp ad they can be used to draw on your wood, to make micro sculptures ad whittle your wood. If you are not careful, a knife may be dangerous to use, especially if you don’t understand how the wood reacts to the knives’ blades. In this case, caution is an essential virtue, and wearing hand protection is a necessity.
As I said before, these are essential tools for all woodcarvers. They are used to whittle, chip, carve letters, and great detailing apart from the general work for wood carving. They include knives, chisels, and gouges with different blade shapes, each w a unique job purpose. A woodworker needs to think about the work he is designing for a particular knife before choosing it.
The Bench Knife
Renowned for being user friendly, a bench knife is a crucial wood carving tool that you will need. With a short blade similar to a scalpel about 3/ of an inch, the knife specialized. It is a handy knife with a large handle that you can comfortably grip, making you feel closer and compatible with your wood. It can dig in any particular way of your choice since it can slice large chunks of wood.
A tool that you cannot do without, with diverse shapes together with sizes, chisels are renowned for their sharp cutting edges held by a stout handle. During its use, a chisel blade can be driven through a chunk of wood using a mallet or driven through by hand. A blunt chisel is of no use to woodcarvers as it destroys the value of work.
The style of a defined chisel depends on its shape and breadth. Some are beveled; some are mortice chisels, while others are paring chisels. These names describe the work of the chisel and how it should be used. It may be for paring where only shavings are removed, or it may be for beveling.
I have already mentioned that a chisel comprises of a carving tool with a flat blade. Their difference with other chisels used by ordinary woodworkers is that their sides are both beveled and thus have no flat back. By standard, they usually have square cutting edges only varying about their blades; some have skewed tips that can be used to clean out tight corners if there is little or no clearance. I mentioned this before, that, by nature, a wood carving tool can be described as a carving tool with a flat blade.
The Wood carving gouges
This is one of the standard wood carving tools. It can shape convex and concave shapes seamlessly with is blade curvature. The curvature is known as the sweep with a number denoting. Wood gouges had different variations for different carving tasks and jobs.
Gouges with long curved lades along their lengths are used to make hollows and deep cuts. Spoon bent gouges work in hollowing and cutting in areas that are hard to reach. Fishtail gouges with thin handles and wide cutting edges are used for accessing areas where full-width blades cannot access.
Similar to a gouge, a V tool has a unique V shape. It is small in size and focuses more on the detail work excelling in several wood carving jobs. As I mentioned, they have a V-shaped blade profile, from which their name is derived. When cutting into wood, their product is typically V-shaped whose bottom is crisp angled. They are primarily used for greater detail alongside decorations of the carvings. Some carvers may call the V parting tools. The kit with these tools usually come with a variety of them with various angles ranging from 30 to 45 degrees.
A rifler is a bi ended filing tool whose grip lies between two filing edges. It is small in size and is used to access hard to reach areas with very odd shapes. The riffler then files them until they reach the desired smoothness required by the carver.
The Carver’s Mallet
This mallet works as a sort of hammer used by carvers to tape gouges and chisels and drives them into the wood pieces. It is commonly made of plastic and, in some cases, hardwood with a round shape.
The Skew Chisel оr Corner Chisel
This is a chisel whose blade is cut at an angle about the axis of the primary tool. Some call it a corner chisel. Its cutting tip is angled, but basically, it is beveled in structure.
The Coping Saw
This is a handheld saw whose work focuses on cutting very complicated structures. It comes in where many saws cannot cope. It is small in size. When you connect two joints during trimming, you can use this coping saw, which derives its name from that particular job. Like a riffler, the coping saw comes in handy during wood carving and sculpturing areas where there are tighter spaces.
The Sloyd Knife
This is a knife with a short lade, shorter than its handle approximately five inches in length, which can be used for carving wood.
This is unique for its U shape profile, whose max5mum curvature is around number 11. Its use is to add more exquisite detail, for example, adding veins to carving, adding stems on leaf carvings, or even cutting deeper grooves.
Any Other tools
One may ask, are there no electric wood carving tools, the answer is a simple “NO”. There are a lot of electrical devices that can be used. They include rotary machines, chain saws, electrical chisel holders, and other electric saws.
However, let me hasten to say since times immemorial, carving has always been manual. Yeah, speed can be added here and there by electric tools, but still, when it comes to complicated and more significant detailing in your carvings, it is indispensable to use manual wood carving tools.
Now, I have provided all details on many wood carving tools. Of these, there are some which specialized that I did not include here. As a wood carving expert, you should be astute when selecting your wood carving tools to have the right carving tools in your toolbox. Having the best and the most beautiful wood sculpture is in your hands and your selective mind.
If you have a tool that you think should have been included, feature it in the comments below. I hope you benefitted a lot from the list of wood carving tools I have discussed above. The ball is now with you. You are the one to choose the basic assortment of tools that will fit your tool cabinet.