The indoor plants are the ideal complement to give a natural touch to the home when you do not have a garden. As we have already post, how to take care of garden that help us to purify environments, and keeping these allies in optimal conditions is easier than you think. Just follow these tips will help you keep your indoor and healthy beautiful plants.
First of all: choose the most appropriate species. There are some indoor plants that require more care than others (for example, orchids). For those who have little time, should select those species that survive with minimal care, such as the cradle of Moses, the ficus or the toads.
The pots: This is most essential one at the beginning! For newly collected indoor plants, it is convenient to transfer to a larger container. Use a suitable substrate; normally they come with a base of peat, little nutritious and that if we let dry it costs to return to hydrate. For interiors, the ideal ones are clay, but if you want to use ceramic pots, then do this. Put the plants in original plastic pots and place these inside the ceramic pots. An excellent option? Suspended pots of the Boskke brand.
Light: The absence of sufficient light is one of the most common reasons that an indoor plant suffers most. All plants (including shade) require light, even indirectly. As a rule, indoor plants should be placed near a window, balcony, stained glass or gallery with sufficient luminosity to be able to perform its most vital function: photosynthesis. If have lack of light source consider placing an artificial light source or look for species with long leaves and a dark green tone: they are the ones that need less light. Ferns are also an excellent option.
Watering: This is the main disciplinary care and task. We are familiar to apply plenty of water in the garden plants. However, that not happen the same with indoor species. To water it we must check if plants really need water. To know when to water it, follow the soil moisture, it must always be wet, never dry, but neither muddy nor chewy. A tip: the experts advise not to water the plants with very cold water.
Cleaning: Are the leaf covered with dust? Place a few drops of glycerin on a cloth and rub the leaves with it. Not only will they remain shiny, but also glycerin repels dust. Of course: if your plants are in bloom it is not time to clean them since they are more vulnerable.
Lack of humidity: We know that the conditions in a house are very different from those of the tropical place. As indoor plants, suffer from some inconveniences. The leaves with dry tips is the most common symptom. Nevertheless, you will be able to avoid it with some care. Frequent sprays usually work: try to wet only the leaves (avoid touching the flowers).
Adequate temperature: Sudden changes in temperature or airflow are another common problem for indoor plants, which often effects the loss of their leaves. It is recommended that, if you live in a hot place, leave the air conditioner on when you leave room.
Pay: This point is related to the previous one. The reserves of the soil nutrition are exhausted soon, however we must continue to feed the plant.
Solutions to problems of indoor plants
A healthy plant does not easily affected to any diseases. However, if you notice that something is not going very well in your indoor plants, you must go to a solution before it is bad spread through all your plants. If you are concerned about plants health status, continue reading this post to know some solutions to problems of indoor plants.
A poorly located plant will never be healthy and, therefore, will be prone to diseases. Once the plant is sick, it will deteriorate rapidly. So it is important to act immediately to apply the appropriate treatment.
The fungal spots on the leaves vary from tiny to large areas that spread throughout the leaf. Then the leaves turn yellowish and then brownish. Finally, indicates that all the cells in the leaves has been destroyed. To control the bacteria stains on the leaves of your indoor plants, spray them with a liquid copper fungicide and remove and burn the diseased leaves.
Powdery mildew is a disease that appears as a fine white powder, mainly in the leaves. But can also affect the flowers. Spray the plant with a fungicide that contains benomyl fungicide for two or three weeks when the plant is dry. To prevent this mold, sprinkle your plants with flower sulfur every 10-14 days.
Roots and stems
The vast majority of indoor plants are reluctant to have their roots always wet, except Azaleas and Ferns. When the leaves turn yellow, wilt and fall prematurely, it is likely that a fungus is attacking the plant at the roots or stems. The stems can turn black and soft. Water the plant immediately with benomyl and avoid flooding them in water to prevent them from rotting, especially in autumn and winter.
Gray moss, gray mold or botrytis is a disease that attacks fleshy plants when they are excessively moist. This fungus appears with a grayish brown appearance and is hairy. Generally, it attacks old leaves and dried flowers and, once these nutritious sources are exhausted, attacks the healthy tissues of the plant. Remove all withered or damaged leaves and wilting flowers and spray the plant with a fungicide containing benomyl.
Rottenness is an evil that tends to attack seedlings and cuttings. Suddenly, a seedling that you thought was in good condition, can bend and die. If you look after the plant, you will discover that the base of the stem has withered and that its color is white. A tiny mushroom that lives in dirty containers causes this problem, or it can be found in contaminated compost. It is likely that the origin of this fungus is exist in the water you are using to irrigate the plant. No matter what the cause is, we can do nothing to save it. Get rid of them, burning them if possible. To save the rest of the seedlings and cuttings, sprinkle them with a copper-based liquid fungicide.